In the class Evolution and Evolution of Stories, we discuss the evolution of universes, species, and populations. In Darwinian evolution, individuals who are better adapted to their unique environment have a better chance at survival. These biological aspects of evolution can also be used to describe literary evolution. For example, books that are useful or generative are kept in humanity, whereas books that have no use or readers cannot connect with are rarely read thus become extinct. Looking further into literary evolution, we can analyze the evolution of a character in a novel and see if the character changes over the course of the novel to adapt to his changing environment. In Zadie Smith’s On Beauty, the Belsey family does not evolve. At the start of the novel, Howard and Kiki’s marriage is strained and Howard cannot connect with his kids. At the end of the novel, nothing has changed within the dynamics of the family. The relationships of the family members remain unchanged. Biological evolution is seen at the population level, but delving deeper into the levels, we can also say that the unit of selection is the individual. Although the family unit as a whole in On Beauty does not evolve, do the characters evolve in the novel (in particular Howard Belsey)?