Brain, Education, and Inquiry - Fall, 2010: Session 14A
Facilitated by Abby EM
Carol Dweck's Mindsets and Consequences for Educators
Dweck and Leggett (What follows comes from Haverford Professor Jennifer Lilgendahl’s lecture slides from 9/30/10)
Entity theory (i.e., Fixed Mindset)
-Belief that characteristics (e.g., intelligence, personality) are fixed traits that cannot be changed
-Leads to focusing on gaining positive judgments and avoiding negative ones
-More inclined to give up, avoid, etc. when the going gets tough
Incremental theory (i.e., Growth Mindset)
-Belief that characteristics are malleable and can be improved or developed through effort
-Leads to focusing on learning, growing, and changing
-More inclined to work harder when the going gets tough
College student #1: Entity Theorist
“I feel upset at my failure, angry that I couldn’t have done better, and even a little depressed. Basically, I think my GPA sucks, ergo, I suck. I value grades over education, which is wrong.”
College student #2: Incremental Theorist
“I feel I can do much better in school. It is still hard to accept the fact that I have a C on my transcript, but I look at my grades and I am inspired to do well . . . And despite my grades, I feel like I have learned a lot.”
Some questions to consider for our discussion of Education and the Brain…
- What ways do you think an educator could prime a growth mindset?
- Do you agree with Carol Dweck’s research that posits the benefits of Incremental theory? How could it instead be a disadvantage in the classroom and other life endeavors?
- How can educators take into account both types of students (and those at any point along the continuum) in their classrooms?
- In light of this theory, to what extent are other people in a child’s life similar to teachers? (parents, coaches.)
- Dweck, Carol. Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. Random House, Inc.: New York, 2006.
- Lilgendahl, Jennifer. Lecture and Powerpoint from Sept. 30th in PSYCH215- Personality Psychology at Haverford College.
- McAdams, Dan P. The Person: An Introduction to the Science of Personality Psychology. 5th Edition. Hobokenn NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2009.
Your continuing thoughts about this and its relation to the classroom in the forum below ....