Ecology of Infectious Disease
The rise in emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases in humans and wilfire is directly linked to environmental changes such as deforestation, climate change, and, among other factors, illegal wildlife trading. Over the last three decades the World Health Organization has recorded over 40 diseases, including HIV/AIDS, SARS, dengue fever, and West Nile virus, that have resulted from direct of indirect human activities.
Because of this newly recognized relationship between environmental change and infectious diseases, scientists can no longer simply study infectious diseases through the microscopic perspectives of microbiologists and physicians; they must also consult the megascopic views of ecologists. Infectious diseases are not confined to understanding the infected organism or species, as they exist in an ecological context as well.
2. The counter argument: Ecologists questions effects of climate change on infectious diseases.
3. Infectious diseases exist in an ecological context.