THE ULTIMATE PHYSICS RESOURCE
Links to Sites on Physics Topics, Physicists, Research
Laboratories, and Places to Get Your Physics Questions
Welcome physicists! Physics studies matter and energy, and the
relationship between these two quantities. Physicists study the natural
world involving objects smaller than atoms and larger than galaxies.
Anyone who has hit a ball (or been hit by one), been in a car, or ridden a
bicycle has utilized physical intuition. Physical intuition is knowledge
about the world that arises from interactions with one's surroundings.
Physicists categorize their understanding of the world based on
observations. By studying how systems work (why does the ball travel in an
arc from pitcher to batter? why do you lurch forward when a driver
suddenly slams on the brakes? why is a bike easier to balance when it
moves faster?) physicists learn the relationships and concepts that
surround us. You too have studied the world and seen nature at work. You
have been doing physics all your life!
This page is made for students enrolled or interested in physics. It
serves as a jump site to numerous other sites on the web.
- Bang! Boing! Pop!? --
Interactive physics tutor best-suited for 7th through 12th graders with no
prior experience in physics.
- Fizzics Fizzle --
PHENOMENAL SITE! Categorized according to what level physicist you are:
beginner, intermediate, or advanced. Plus, this site has a separate
section for COOL TOPICS! CHECK THEM OUT!
- Fizzix is Phun --
Excellent definitions for physics terms and equations.
Homepage for Glenbrook South --
Homepage for the honors physics course held at Glenbrook South School. The
homepage for their non-honors course (which also has great GIF animations)
can be reached by clicking here. U
nless you are a student at the school, you cannot access their online
problems or conceptual modules. All visitors are able to access their
phenomenal GIF animations and QuickTime movies with accompanying
explanations, and quizzes (with answers).
- Conceptual Physics -- Official site
that accompanies Paul Hewitt's "Conceptual Physics" textbook. This
textbook is used in many high school physics courses.
Cone -- Comprehensive introduction to the theories of
relativity. Includes image and movie files.
Illusions -- A collection of optical illusions.
- Physics is Phun!
-- This site teaches students who have a had trigonometry, the following
three topics: Projectile motion, electrodynamics, and momentum in two
dimensions. The site also contains problems and an interactive game
relating to each of these concepts.
- Here are links to gain more information about some famous physicists:
- Bohr, Neils -- Modeled the atom and its radiation. He was also the
first to suggest interpreting waves functionsas enabling one to determine
probability densities. ese tell the probability per unit volume that a
particle exists at different places in a set volume of space.
, Max -- Produced work of fundamental importance in quantum mechanics
and theoretical physics.
Tycho -- The last of the great astronomers to make observations
without using a telescope. His observations helped establish that heavenly
bodies could move and were changeable.
- Curie, Marie -- Shared a Nobel Prize in 1903 for work on
spontaneous radioactivity and the radiation emitted by radioactive
For more information about Marie Curie, click here. A
link to other internet resources about Marie Curie can be reached by
Broglie, Louis Victor -- Discovered the wave nature of electrons and
postulated that all matter have wave properties. Another site that focuses
on some of de Broglie's work and specifically explores the question,"Wave or a Particle-or Both?" is found by clicking the question.
- Einstein, Albert --
Explained the photoelectric effect, special relativity, general relativity,
and more. Another site that deals specifically with Einstein, the man and
his theories, can be reached by clicking here. Another good
Einstein site can be found by clicking here.
Michael -- A gifted experimenter that worked with electromagnetism. He
introduced the idea of electric fields and electric filed lines. He also
did a lot of work with capacitors (and the units of capacitance, "Farads,"
are named after him.)
Enrico -- He was an accomplished experimental and theoretical
physicist. He postulated the existence of neutrinos.
Richard -- He helped develop the atomic bomb, expanded the
understanding of quantumelectrodynamics, and more! Here is a
page that contains some information on Feynman, and has a fabulous link
to the site entitled, "Feynman
The following link connects to a page full of Feynman links.
- Galileo Galilei --
Contributed to the development of classical mechanics with his work on the
laws of motion for objects experiencing constant acceleration.
- Halley, Ed
mond -- He discovered numerous, previously undiscovered, stars and
nebulae. He also discovered the comet that is named for him and deduced
that it was the same comet passing again and again through our sky.
Stephen -- This is Professor Stephen Hawking's webpage. It includes a
brief biography and introduces visitor's to his work. It is a graphics
page, and the text only page (takes less time to load) can be reached by
clicking here. He
is a brilliant British astrophysicist that hasworked on the basic laws
which govern the universe. Quoting directly from his webpage, "with Roger
Penrose he showed that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied
space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black
holes. These results indicated it was necessary to unify General
Relativity with Quantum Theory. One consequence of such a unification that
he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but
should emit radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear. Another
conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time.
This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined
by the laws of science."
- Heisenberg, Werner -- German thoeretical physicist who developed an
abstract mathematical model of the atom called 'matrix mechanics' to
explain the wavelengths of spectral lines. He also predicted two forms of
molecular hydrogen and made theoretical models of the nucleus. He is most
famous for his uncertainty principles (for which he won the 1932 Nobel
Prize) which says it is fundamentally impossible to make simultaneous
measurements of the exact position and exact momentum of a particle.
Kelvin (same as William Thomson) -- First to propose the use of an
absolute scale of temperature (and the Kelvin scale was named in his honor).
- Kepler, Jo
hannes -- Successfully determined the laws that govern planetary
axwell, James -- First to solve the speed distribution of gas
molecules, and put electromagnetism on a solid theoretical basis by putting
others' ideas into mathematical form. Another Maxwell link can be reached
by clicking here.
Robert -- Measured the charge on an electron and studied the
photoelectric effect experimentally.
- Newton, I
saac -- Formulated the basic concepts and laws of mechanics,
discovered the law of universal gravitation, and inented calculus.
- Oppenheimer, Robert -- Quantum theory had been proposed during his
lifetime and he devoted much effort into its development. His early
research was devoted in particular to energy processes of subatomic
i, Wolfgang -- Austrian theoretical physicist who discovered the
exclusion principle, explained the connection between particle spin and
statisitics, and created theories of relativistic quantum electrodynamics,
the neutrino hypothesis, and hypothesized nuclear spin.
- Planck, M
ax -- Discovered energy quanta when trying to explain the spectral
distribution of black-body radiation. This set the foundation for quantum
utherford, Ernest -- Showed that radiation emitted by radioactive nucei
was of three types, which he called alpha, beta, and gamma rays. Also
learned that the atom contained a positively charged nucleus.
- Schrodinger, Erwin -- Created wave mechanics, which helped quantum
theory gain acceptance in the scientific community. He also did work in
statistical mechanics, general relativity, and more. Other links to good
Schrodinger sites can be reached by clicking
William (later in life he changed his name to Lord Kelvin) -- First to
propose the use of an absolute scale of temperature (and the Kelvin scale
was named in his honor).
- Brookhaven National Laboratory --
Does research in physics, medicine, biology, chemistry, environmental
science, and more. It has more than 600 research programs going on
right now in
fields ranging from high-energy physics to drug addiction to
- CERN -- A European laboratory for
- FermiLab -- Particle
physics research is performed here. They explore basic particles and the
forces of nature.
- Keck Observatory --
According to the website, "Astronomers at the W.M. Keck Observatory probe
the deepest regions of the Universe with unprecedented power and precision."
- Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory -- A U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory.
Focuses on global security, global ecology, and bioscience. Laboratory
employees are working with industrial and academic partners to increase
national economic competitiveness and improve science education.
- Los Alamos National
Laboratory -- As stated on this website, their central mission is
"enhancing the security of nuclear weapons and nuclear materials worldwide.
[Their] statutory responsibility is the stewardship and management of the
nuclear stockpile. This requires a solid foundation in science and
Where to go to Get Physics Questions Answered
- How Things
Work -- This interactive site allows visitors to ask questions about
how and why certain things are as they are. The site also lists previous
questions and one can learn a lot from reading what people have asked and
the accompanying answers. A VERY interesting site!
- Mad Scientist Network -- Allows
you to pose questions to scientists online.
Other Jump Sites for Physics Links!
- Frank Potter's
Physical Science Links -- Page filled with thousands of links to
websites regarding physics concepts. The sites are categorized according
to the material covered and appropriate grade level.
- Science Education
Resources -- Contains links to science websites, demonstrations,
software, and ways to ask scientists your questions!